This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding the experience of intimate partner violence IPV during pregnancy. Pregnancy IPV is a significant problem worldwide, with rates varying significantly by country and maternal risk factors. Pregnancy IPV is associated with adverse newborn outcomes, including low birth weight and preterm birth. Many mechanisms for how IPV may impact birth outcomes have been proposed and include direct health, mental health, and behavioral effects, which all may interact. Screening for IPV during pregnancy is essential, yet due to time constraints and few clear recommendations for assessment, many prenatal providers do not routinely inquire about IPV, or even believe they should.
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Virgin Islands, having a concurrent sex affiliate, frequent condom use during vaginal after that anal sex, drug use, and a past year STI were associated along with recent IPV. Lastly, among African American, Latina and South Asian immigrant women, IPV was associated with sexual after that reproductive health outcomes including: discolored vaginal discharge, burning during urination, unwanted pregnancies, menstrual irregularity, as well as sexual risk taking e. One exception was a case-control study of nonabused after that 97 abused middle class, primarily engaged African American women. Those exposed en route for IPV are known to have advanced rates of overall healthcare use i. What we do know is so as to Black and Latina women with experiences of IPV are less likely en route for utilize mental health services and check-up attention for injuries resulting from IPV compared with White women. Author Admission Statement No competing financial interests be.
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